Parvo in puppies 9 most important signs
Parvo In Puppies. Canine Parvovirus or Parvo is a contagious disease that is very common in puppies.
Discovered in 1967, it has become a severe hazard to young dogs’ lives.
This virus is not easy to kill and stays for a long period in the environment.
Moreover, the morbidity of Parvovirus is high, which means it affects large populations.
The vaccine of this virus is available, but it does not eliminate the virus.
However, it is efficient enough to decrease the risk of parvo threat, but many puppies still fall prey to this deadly disease.
In this article, we’ll provide a complete guide on the topic of Canine Parvovirus.
We will talk about its causes, signs, treatment, and other important aspects.
So let’s get started!
What Is Pavo In Puppies?
Parvovirus is an infectious DNA virus commonly found in vaccinated as well as unvaccinated puppies. The age of six weeks to six months is critical because there are higher possibilities of being affected by this disease.
Parvo has two forms. Intestinal parvo involves vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, and lack of appetite. On the other hand, the cardiac form is less often, which incorporates deadly attacks on the heart of puppies.
Alongside puppies, adolescent dogs are sometimes caught by this disease, especially if they are not vaccinated yet. But the good news is that if you vaccinate your dogs at the early stages of their lives, they can get rid of CPV without severe disease complications.
What Are The Causes Of Parvo?
Several risk factors are involved in the spread of this disease. There are two primary modes of transmission of this disease, direct and indirect transmission.
Indirect transmission, a healthy dog comes in contact with an infected dog and gets infected with the virus. It can happen at a walk outside or a playing activity. When a dog smells the body of an infected dog, it may contract the virus and get sick.
In indirect transmission, food bowls, clothes, toys of an infected dog can transmit the infection to a healthy puppy. In addition, the concentration of virus is high in the stool of dogs infected with this virus. So when healthy dogs put their feet into this stool, this virus paves its way into the healthy dog’s environment. As a result, it diffuses into a large population of dogs within no time.
This virus can live up to one year in the ground soil. Therefore, you must be very careful to eliminate this risk in your puppies.
9 Most Important Signs Of CPV/Parvo In Puppies
If this threatened ailment has captured your dog, the symptoms will begin to show within three to seven days of this infection.
First of all, your puppy will appear sluggish and tired. Infected puppies may also get fever as a result of viral infection. A puppy infected with Parvovirus can show all or some of the following signs.
Severe, bloody diarrhea
Anorexia, loss of appetite
Reddening and inflammation of the tissue around the eyes and mouth
Pain and discomfort
Low body temperature
How To Diagnosis Parvovirus In Puppies
Diagnosis of Parvovirus in puppies is based on the clinical signs and history. Your veterinarian may ask for blood and stool tests for confirmation of disease.
ELISA and PCR are the gold standard tests for confirmation of Parvovirus. PCR is more accurate, but it is pretty expensive.
The fecal ELISA test (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is one of the best tests for diagnosing parvo.
For acquiring this test, you need a fecal swab, and you’ll get the results in approximately 10 minutes.
No doubt, this test is accurate, but a negative test does not mean that your puppy is free from Parvovirus. The reason is that this test can give a false negative.
It is crucial to diagnose the problem timely and start the treatment. This not only increases the chances of your puppy beating this disease but also helps you keep other dogs safe.
5 Important Home Treatments For CPV
If we talk about the exact treatment of parvo, unfortunately, it does not exist. However, you can perform some supporting practices to prepare their body for fighting against this virus. Take a look at these executions.
Most importantly, keep your pet hydrated.
Eliminate the risk of abdominal pain as well as bacterial infections.
Control electrolyte imbalances or low blood glucose.
You can give antiemetic drugs to stop vomiting.
Hospitalize your puppy to provide a precise amount of fluids through injections if his condition deteriorates.
By following the above instructions, you can lessen the severity of signs of parvo in your puppy. According to research, 90% of dogs beat Parvovirus and enjoy their lives after getting discharged from the hospital. So if you take proper care of your dogs, they can spend more time with you.
If you are confused about Parvo Treatment Cost, you have to keep in mind three main factors on which it depends. These are the severity of the ailment, period of hospital stay, and location of the veterinary clinic. The pro tip is that keep your puppies vaccinated instead of spending a large amount of money on their treatment.
Prevention Of Parvo In Puppies
By combining DHPP, DAPP, DA2PP, DHLPP vaccines, a core vaccine is prepared for those puppies that have fallen prey to parvo. In 6 weeks, you have to provide a vaccine every three to four weeks. Start this vaccination from one year and continue until your puppy reaches three years. Some of the preventions regarding this threatened disease are elaborate below to help you.
Give your puppies vaccinated timely. If you miss any dose, you have to start again to maintain protection.
Don’t socialize your dogs with non-vaccinated dogs.
Keep away your puppies from those places where vaccination status is not sure. For example, do not send them to joint training sessions with unvaccinated puppies.
Provide good hygienic food to your puppies.
Clean the area where you keep your puppy. It would help if you cleaned all organic matter includes vomit, stool, etc. For this purpose, you can utilize concentrated bleach.
Nandi, S., and Manoj Kumar. “Canine parvovirus: current perspective.” Indian Journal of virology 21.1 (2010): 31-44.
Goddard, Amelia, and Andrew L. Leisewitz. “Canine parvovirus.” Veterinary Clinics: Small Animal Practice 40.6 (2010): 1041-1053.
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